Solving large puzzles on HackerRank

I’ve solved quite a few puzzles on HackerRank, HackerRankbut this one had me stumped. The actual algorithm didn’t seem too hard, although there is a bit of a trick to it. The problem I had was extending the solution afterwards to handle large numbers. Usually, it’s enough to use ‘long long’ throughout, but it still wasn’t passing all the test cases.

In the end, I narrowed down the problem to the following code:

  long long maximiseScore( int N )
    std::vector<long long> health( N, 0 );
    for ( size_t i = 0; i < N; ++i ) std::cin >> health[i];
    long long sum = std::accumulate( health.begin(), health.end(), 0 );
    // ...

In case you didn’t spot it, the bug is that std::accumulate has inferred the type of the init parameter from 0 (zero), which is an int. So the sum is calculated as an int, then assigned into our long long variable. The solution is to cast the init to a long long (either using ‘LL’ or static_cast).

    long long sum = std::accumulate( health.begin(), health.end(), 0LL );

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Filed under C++, C++ Code, Programming

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